Living in the “information age,” Information and Communications technology (ICT) has become a part of our everyday lives and subsequently, reaching a great level of impact on our society. The information revolution and the extraordinary increase in the spread of knowledge have given birth to a new era–one of knowledge and information which effects directly economic, social, cultural and political activities of all regions of the world, including Africa. Governments worldwide have recognized the role that Information and Communication Technologies could play in socio-economic development. ICT in developing countries is a suggested effective way to improve the population’s life and well-being. In particular, ICT applications on the education system can help mold the future of the underdeveloped world fundamentally.
Individuals in modern society are becoming increasingly familiar with Information and Communication Technology (ICT). A number of countries especially those in the developed world and some in developing countries are putting in place policies and plans designed to transform their economies into an information and knowledge economy
While ICT continues to advance in western and Asian countries, African countries still experience a lag in its implementation, and that continues to widen the digital and knowledge divide. Studies have observed that access to ICT facilities is a major challenge facing most African countries, with a ratio of one computer to 150 students against the ratio of 1:15 students in developed countries.